Dynamic Assessment of Phonemic Awareness and the Alphabetic Principle
This application focuses on the continued development of an instrument to assess early reading skills for children with severe speech impairments. Because these children often have difficulties learning to read, it is crucial to assess the important pre-reading skill of phonemic awareness, the knowledge that spoken syllables can be broken into smaller elements. But because most current measures of phonemic awareness require spoken responses, they cannot be used with children who have speech impairments. Thus, our computer-based instrument, the Dynamic Assessment of Phonemic Awareness and the Alphabetic Principle (DAPA), was designed to eliminate the need for spoken responses. In addition to eliminating the need for spoken responses, our instrument has numerous innovative features that will require specialized data analysis to fully exploit and convey to reviewers. The development of these analyses, which will simultaneously allow us to address additional concerns of previous reviews, will be our primary activity.